Composers

Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven
17.12.1770 - 26.03.1827
Country:Germany
Period:Classique of Vienna

Biography

Ludwig van Beethoven is a German pianist and best known as one of the most acclaimed and influential composers of all times. He was a crucial figure in the transitional Western classical music, between the Classical and Romantic eras.

Beethoven was the grandson of a famous musician of the Flemish origin, who was also named Ludwig van Beethoven (1712–1773). He was born in Bonn, probably on 16 December 1770. At the time of Beethoven’s birth, children were usually baptized the day after birth; so he was also baptized in a Roman Catholic service.

Beethoven’s father, Johann van Beethoven (1740–1792) was a piano and violin teacher. He also performed the duty of Ludwig’s first music teacher. Ludwig mother’s name was Maria Magdalena Keverich. She was the daughter of Johann Heinrich Keverich, who had been the head chief at the court of the Archbishopric of Trier.

Beethoven's first teacher was a traditional and harsh music instructor. Ludwig had other local teachers as well, for example, the court organist Van den Eeden, Tobias Friedrich Pfeiffer and Franz Rovantini.

Beethoven was a talented and naturally gifted musical composer. He was very confident and performed firstly at the stage when he was just nine years old.

In Bonn, Beethoven also got education from a prominent teacher Christian Gottlob Neefe, who was appointed as the Court's Organist in 1779. Beethoven wrote his first published composition namely a set of keyboard variations (WoO 630), under the guideline of his teacher Neefe, who taught him music composition.

After that, Beethoven started working with Neefe as assistant of an organist in 1781. Beethoven’s first three piano sonatas namely "Kurfürst" ("Elector") were published in 1783. The teenage Beethoven was also strongly influenced by the ideas of prominent in freemasonry, due to his teacher Neefe and many others people, who were the members of the local chapter of the Order of the Illuminati.

Maximilian Frederick, who was the youngest son of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, noticed Beethoven's talent quite early, and encouraged him for further musical studies. So, in March of 1787, Ludwig traveled to Vienna for further musical study with Mozart, but he soon came back home because of his mother illness (just after two weeks staying of his staying in the city). After the death of Beethoven’s mother, his father got lapsed deeper into alcoholism. So Beethoven took the charge of looking after his two younger brothers and spent the next five years in Bonn.

In 1789, Beethoven got a legal order by which half of his father's salary was paid directly to him for support of the family. Beethoven also contributed to his family's income by playing viola in the court orchestra.

Thus, this familiarized Beethoven with a variety of operas, including three of Mozart's operas performed at court. Ludwig van Beethoven died on 26th of March in 1827.

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Beethoven - Symphonies 1-8 (Rudolf Barshai)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven. Symphonien etc. (Szell, Lane)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Ludwig van Beethoven - Volkslied-Bearbeitungen
Vocal and instrumental music
 
Beethoven - Lieder und Gesange [3 cd]
Vocal and instrumental music
 
Beethoven. Symphonien (Jochum, 1952-61)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven. Symphonien (NDR, Wand)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Evgeny Mravinsky Edition (CD9)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven. Symphonien (Philadelphia, Muti)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphonies Nos. 1-9 (Blomstedt)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Rehearsals - Bruno Walter
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Sinfonie No. 9 - Bruno Walter
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphony No. 9 - Kubelik
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - The Symphonies (Leinsdorf)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Evgeni Mravinsky Edition - Beethoven
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Wand und DSO Berlin - L. van Beethoven
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Forever Classics - Beethoven
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Overtures
Orchestral
 
Beethoven Symphony № 9 Baum
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Wilhelm Furtwangler conducts Beethoven
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphonies 1-9 (Scherchen)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Klemperer Box Testament - CD2-3 - Beethoven
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven. Symphonien (Norrington)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphonie Nr.5 & 6 (Karl Bohm)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Symphony No. 9 - Beecham
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphonies (Rattle)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Complete Masterpieces CD01-09
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Collection CD 1-5 of 16
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - An die ferne Geliebte
Vocal and instrumental music
 
Beethoven - Symphony No. 3 - Toscanini
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Symphony No. 3
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven - Symphony No. 9 - Horenstein
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Carl Schuricht Collection - Beethoven #9
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Overtures
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Beethoven Symphonies 1-9 (Maazel)
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Karajan in Berlin - Beethoven - 1944
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Herbert von Karajan - Beethoven 9 Symphonies
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
Greatest Composer's Greatest Hits
Symphony / Symphonic music
 

Limited edition. Complete works

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CD 1 - Symphonies Nos. 1 & 3
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 2 - Symphonies Nos. 2 & 7
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 3 - Symphonies Nos. 6 & 8
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 4 - Symphonies Nos. 4 & 5
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 5 - Symphony No. 9
Vocal & Symphonic
 
CD 9 - Violin Concerto
Violin music
 
CD 11 - Overtures
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 12 - Orchestral Works / Organ Works
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD 24 - Piano Trios I
Piano music
 
CD 28 - Cello Sonatas I
Violoncello music
 
CD 29 - Cello Sonatas II
Violoncello music
 
CD 33 - String Trios I
Music for Strings
 
CD 34 - String Trios II
Music for Strings
 
CD 43 - String Ensembles I
Music for Strings
 
CD 44 - String Ensembles II
Music for Strings
 
CD 58 - Bagatelles
Piano music
 
CD 59 - Piano Works
Piano music
 
CD 65 - Egmont
Vocal & Symphonic
 
CD 68 - Arias
Vocal & Symphonic
 
CD 71 - Vocal Works
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 75 - Songs I
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 76 - Songs II
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 77 - Songs III
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 78 - Songs IV
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 80 - Irish songs WoO 152 & 153, selection
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 81 - 12 Irish songs WoO 154 complete
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 82 - 26 Welsh songs WoO 155 complete
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 83 - Scottish Songs WoO 156 & 157, complete
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 84 - Scottish Songs Op. 108 & WoO 158/1
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 85 - Folksongs WoO 158/a/b/c
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD 88 - Symphony No. 5 & 7
Symphony / Symphonic music
 

Complete Edition (Deutsche Grammophon)

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Complete Masterpieces (Sony)

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CD 5 - Symphony No.9 in D minor Op.125
Symphony / Symphonic music
 
CD54 – Songs from The British Isles
Vocal and instrumental music
 
CD55 – Christ on the Mount of Olives Op.85
Vocal and instrumental music
 

Piano Sonatas

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