Composers

Edward Grieg

Edward Grieg
15.06.1843 - 4.09.1907
Country:Norway
Period:Romantique

Biography

Edvard Grieg is a Norwegian composer and pianist who belong to a Romantic period. He composed a lot of musical compositions of that era. Edvard was best known for his Piano Concerto in A minor, and also for his collection of piano miniatures Lyric Pieces and incidental music to Henrik Ibsen's play Peer Gynt.

Grieg Edvard was born on 15th of June, 1843 in Bergen, Norway. His original family name, that was spelled as [Greig] indicates that Grieg Edvard was originally from Scotland. Grieg Edward’s great-grandfather settled in Norway, after the Battle of Culloden, around 1770 and established business interests in Bergen.

Edvard was raised up in a musical family, his mother, Gesine B. Hagerup, was his first piano teacher, who taught him to play when he was just six years old. Later he studied music in several schools including Tank's School, and often brought in examples of his music to class.

In the summer of 1858, Grieg met with a very eminent Norwegian violinist Ole Bull, who was a friend of Edvard’s family. He noticed the 15 years old Edvard’s talent and persuaded his parents to send him to develop his talents further at the Leipzig Conservatory directed by Ignaz Moscheles.

Initially he had admission in a conservatory. Here he concentrated on the piano study and participated in many concerts performed in Leipzig. He scored very good grades in most areas, except the organ playing, which was mandatory for piano students.

In 1860, Edward Grieg suffered from a lung disease. Next year Edward made his debut as a concert pianist, in Karlshamn, Sweden. In 1862, Edward Grieg finished his studies in Leipzig, and performed his first concert in his home town of Bergen. The major programme of his concerts was Beethoven's Pathétique sonata.

In 1863, Edward Grieg visited Copenhagen, Denmark, and lived there for three years. During his stay he met with Rikard Nordraak, Danish composers J. P. E. Hartmann and Niels Gade.

Nordraak, who was a Norwegian composer, developed a strong friendship with Edward. Nordraak died in 1866, and Grieg composed a funeral march in his honor. On the 11th of June 1867, Edward got married with his first cousin Nina Hagerup. They both spent a happy life and got only child, Alexandra.

Next summer, Grieg wrote his Piano Concerto in A minor while on holiday in Denmark. This Piano Concerto was premiered on 3 April 1869 in the Casino Theater in Copenhagen. Neupert gave the concerto of this piece.

In 1868 Franz Liszt, who had not yet met Grieg, wrote a testimonial for him to the Norwegian Ministry of Education, which led Grieg to obtaining a travel grant. The two men met in Rome in 1870.

In 1876 Grieg composed an incidental music, on the request of his fellow composers for the premiere of Ibsen's play “Peer Gynt”. Many pieces of this work became very popular in the orchestral suites of piano and piano-duet arrangements.

In 1888 Grieg met Tchaikovsky in Leipzig, who said, that Grieg’s music contained beauty, warmth and originality. After that, The Norwegian government awarded him a pension and thus his later life opened the new doors of fame for him.

In 1903, Edward Grieg made nine 78-rpm gramophone piano music recordings in Paris. Similarly, he also made live-recording by playing piano music, for the Welte-Mignon reproducing system, which we can hear even today.

No doubt, Edward Grieg is a very renowned nationalist composer, who always wrote music inspired by Norwegian folk. Grieg’s early music works also include a symphony and a piano sonata. He also composed three sonatas for violin, piano and a cello sonata. A lot of Grieg’s short pieces for piano are often based on Norwegian folk tunes and dances.

Grieg’s Piano Concerto will always be popular for his creative musical work, which was composed for his close friend namely Percy Grainger, a pianist and composer.

Some of his Lyric Pieces for piano are also well-known for their incidental music. Similarly, he wrote Holberg Suite for the piano, which later was written by the composer for string orchestra. Grieg also wrote many songs, followed by the lyrics of poets like Heinrich Heine, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and others.

In 1906, Edward met with a famous composer and pianist Percy Grainger in London, who was a great admirer of Grieg's music. Edvard Grieg died in 1907, after a long illness. When he died he was about 64 years old. At the time of Edvard death, his final words were "Well, if it must be so".

There were about 30,000 people at the funeral ceremony of Grieg, who came in his home town to honor him. Edvard Griegэы funeral march for Rikard Nordraak was played in an orchestration by his friend, Johan Halvorsen, according to the last wish of Edvard Grieg.

Afterwards Johan Halvorsen got married with Grieg's niece. On the day of the famous funeral March of Edvard Grieg, there was another march, played by Frédéric Chopin. He and his wife's ashes are entombed in a mountain crypt near his house, Troldhaugen.

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Vocal and instrumental music
 
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Vocal and instrumental music
 

Vocal & Symphonic

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Lyric Pieces for piano

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Waltz (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op.12 No. 2 
Melody (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 38 No. 3  
Lonely Wanderer (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 43 No. 2  
Little Bird (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 43 No. 4  
Erotic (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 43 No. 5 
To The Spring (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 43 No. 6  
Album-Leaf (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 47 No. 2  
Melody (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 47 No. 3  
Norwegian Dance (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 47 No. 4  
Shepherd Boy (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 54 No. 1  
Notturno (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 54 No. 4  
Bellringing (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 54 No. 6  
French Serenade (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 62 No. 3  
Phantom (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 62 No. 5  
Homeward (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 62 No. 6  
Peasant's Song (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 65 No. 2  
At Your Feet (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 68 No. 3  
At The Cradle (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 68 No. 5  
Summer Evening (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 71 No. 2  
Puck (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 71 No. 3  
Remembrances (Walter Gieseking)
Chamber
Op. 71 No. 7  
Bell-Ringing (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.54 No.6 
Cradle Song (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.38 No.1 
Butterfly (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.43 No.1 
Elegie (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.47 No.7 
Melodie (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.47 No.3 
Secrecy (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.57 No.4 
Brooklet (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.62 No.4 
Summer's Eve (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.71 No.2 
Elegie (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.38 No.6 
Scherzo (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.54 No.5 
Puck (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.71 No.3 
Nocturne (Mikhail Pletnev)
Chamber
Op.54 No.4 

Chamber Music

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Songs

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Three Songs from 'Peer Gynt'
Chamber & Vocal
Op.23 
Four Songs by Bj. Bjornson
Chamber & Vocal
Op.21 
Four Songs by Chr. Winther
Chamber & Vocal
Op.10 
Five Songs by Vilhelm Krag
Chamber & Vocal
Op.60 
Five Songs by Otto Benzon
Chamber & Vocal
Op.70 
Six Songs by Holder Drachmann
Chamber & Vocal
Op.49 
Six Elegaic Songs by John Paulsen
Chamber & Vocal
Op.59  
Six Songs by Henrik Ibsen
Chamber & Vocal
Op.25 
Six Songs (Janses, Hirsti)
Chamber & Vocal
Op.48 
Seven Childrens Song
Chamber & Vocal
Op.61 
Nine Songs (Sandve, Skram, Jansen)
Chamber & Vocal
Op.18 
Twleve Songs To Poems by A.O. Vinje
Chamber & Vocal
Op.33  
Songs Wihout Opus Numbers
Chamber & Vocal
EG 146 
Songs from 'Haugtussa'
Chamber & Vocal
EG 152 
Songs and Ballads
Chamber & Vocal
Op.9 
Romances
Vocal & Symphonic
Op.39 
Five Poems
Chamber & Vocal
Op.26 
The Mountain Thrall
Chamber & Vocal
Op.32 
The Mountain Maid
Chamber & Vocal
Op.67 
Clara's Song
Chamber & Vocal
EG 124 
I Love You, Dear
Chamber & Vocal
EG 127 
Morning Prayer at School
Chamber & Vocal
EG 139 
Yuletide Cradle Song
Chamber & Vocal
EG 155 
The White and the Red, Red Roses
Chamber & Vocal
EG 137 
National Song
Chamber & Vocal
EG 151 
The Princess
Chamber & Vocal
EG 133 
Sighs
Chamber & Vocal
EG 134 
Look at the Sea
Chamber & Vocal
EG 121 
The Blueberry
Chamber & Vocal
EG 145 
Devoutest of Maidens
Chamber & Vocal
EG 123 
Little Lad
Chamber & Vocal
EG 129 
The Forgotten Maid
Chamber & Vocal
EG 142 
The Soilder
Chamber & Vocal
EG 125 
Tears
Chamber & Vocal
EG 128 
The Odalisque
Chamber & Vocal
EG 131 
A Simple Song
Chamber & Vocal
EG 147 
The Lass
Chamber & Vocal
EG 141 
I Loved Him
Chamber & Vocal
EG 153 
My LIttle Bird
Chamber & Vocal
EG 126 
Beneath The Christmas Tree
Chamber & Vocal
EG 144 
On the Ruins of Hamar
Chamber & Vocal
EG 140 
Gentlemen-Rankers
Chamber & Vocal
EG 156 
To Chr.Tonsberg
Chamber & Vocal
EG 136 
Election Song
Chamber & Vocal
EG 149 
To a Devil
Chamber & Vocal
EG 154